Simone de Beauvoir was probably best known as a novelist, and a feminist thinker and writer, but she was also an existentialist philosopher in her own right and, like her lover Sartre, thought a lot about the human struggle to be free.
Science used to be seen as a thing for boys only. Back in the 1980s, when students were asked to draw what a scientist looks like, 48% drew a scientist with facial hair; 25% gave their scientist a pencil protector. Only 8% drew a woman.
David Livingstone Smith presents on the philosophical topic of dehumanization and sheds light as to why humans are capable of horrific atrocities that have occurred throughout history. While we usually think of people such as Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King when posed with the topic of great leaders, Dr. Smith discusses leaders who use powerful methods to provoke others to remove their inhibitions on treating people as subhuman creatures, causing them to perform evil acts such as wars and genocides.
It would be hard to deny that Freud was one of the towering intellectual figures of the 20th Century. Arguably, he single handedly changed the way we think about ourselves with his detailed theory of the unconscious mind.
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